How Web Hosting Works

Web hosting allows businesses and individuals to host their own website on the World Wide Web. These companies provide servers that will host applications and data for businesses. Business owners who prefer not to maintain their own server may select a data center to host their web site. This is called web hosting. There are a variety of services associated with web hosting. Most individuals will host a basic web page that is uploaded via a File Transfer Protocol (FTP). Many ISPs will offer this service to individuals for free. However, most will require that the site hosts advertisements to pay for the server expense. Businesses who host websites usually must pay more in order to receive adequate service.

Business web hosting often involves database support and application development platforms. These customers need to manage their content and write scripts for applications. Businesses may also need e-commerce applications and other advanced applications that an individual may not need. Email applications are also available for businesses as well. Each of these needs must be accounted for when searching for a web hosting company. Verify that the company that you select to host your site will offer everything that you desire.

Businesses should select a web hosting company that have at least 99.9% uptime. Most web hosting companies purport to have this much uptime. However, some have more. The more downtime a company has, the more likely businesses will lose potential customers that may log onto the website during that time period.

There are several types of web hosting available to the consumer. Several will be mentioned below to give the consumer an idea of what services are available to them.

Free Web Hosting Service

As mentioned above, these companies offer businesses limited hosting services if they host the business’s host advertisements on their website.

Shared Web Hosting Service

A business’s website is hosted on the server with other businesses’ websites. These individuals share server space. The web server company will allocate resources as the company experiences increases in demand or other resources.

Virtual Dedicated Server

The service provider divides the server into virtual servers. Each user will have access to their virtual space. Maintenance and other work is the responsibility of the business owner rather than the server provider. In this instance, IP addresses may be shared by companies in some cases. Some companies will assign specific IP addresses.

Dedicated Hosting Service

With dedicated hosting, each business gets the use of their web server. Dedicated hosting may either be self-managed or unmanaged. The business owner or client may be responsible for the security of the dedicated server. The business owner will not own the server, but simply have complete control of the server located on at an off-site facility.

Managed Hosting Service

The user receives a dedicated web server in this scenario, but is not allowed complete control over the access. The user may manage their data via management tools and other FTP programs. The hosting service guarantees the quality of the service by managing certain aspects of the server, such as configurations. In this scenario, the server is only leased to the client.

Colocation Web Hosting Service

In this scenario, the business owner actually owns the server. However, the server is stored at an off-site facility. The hosting company will make certain the server is operational; however, the company will maintain the server. The company simply provides the internet connection, the physical location and the electrical connections. Colocation web hosting is one of the most expensive types of web hosting services.

Cloud Hosting

This type of hosting allows companies to host specific applications on an off-site server that may be shared or managed. This type of hosting allows companies to expand their businesses easily. The hosting company will handle the load balancing and the utility bills. Businesses only pay for what they use, rather than what they may need in the future.

Clustered Hosting

Clustered hosting is also a scalable hosting solution. This solution may be used for dedicated hosting. Clustered hosting often hosts similar applications on the same server. For instance, database applications may be hosted on the same server or web pages may be hosted on the same server.

Home Servers

Individuals may purchase a server to place in their home for dedicated hosting applications. These servers are typically connected by a broadband connection. Examples of home servers are like the Mac Mini or other companies that provide servers for individuals who desire to host their own website. A dynamic DNS service may be available to automatically change the IP address. This will allow home IP addresses from being blocked by certain businesses. Businesses often employ companies such as SpamCop, SpamHaus or Barracuda to identify IP addresses that spam companies. These companies will actively seek to block your company’s IP address if they suspect any suspicious activity.

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